Penelope Cravens, shown here in a 1976 Sacramento Bee photograph, was the first woman to serve as a California State Police officer, having joined the force in 1975. The officers were responsible for the protection of state employees, visitors and property. They were also tasked with protecting the governor, and Cravens was a bodyguard to Gov. Jerry Brown. The State Police merged with the California Highway Patrol in 1995.